What are dental veneers?

Veneer is a technique in cosmetic prosthetic preservation of modern dentistry. This method does not require grinding teeth or only sharpening from 0.3 to 0.5mm. Veneers ensure the aesthetics of your smile, without changing too much of its structure. Comparing to natural teeth which have the hardness from 80 to 120 Mpa, veneer has a hardness of 400 Mpa, which helps you chew comfortably. Veneers’ natural color helps cover all the defects in color and shape of teeth.

In addition, the stability of porcelain veneers is very high. They’re durable to the effects of biological, chemical factors and mechanical forces in the oral environment.

Veneer procedure is considered as one of the most effective and comprehensive aesthetic methods that give the brand new beautiful looking of the smile while reserving the nature of teeth. Therefore veneers are increasingly chosen as a cosmetic procedure.

Pros and cons of getting veneers


  • To help preserve natural teeth better, minimize the sharpening of tooth enamel.
  • Due to less grinding teeth, the level of sensitivity of teeth after getting veneers is lower. Therefore, it does not affect the life of the teeth. On the other hand, veneers only require scratching of the tooth surfaces so the occlusal does not need to change as in orthodontics.
  • Does not affect tooth canal
  • Veneer material has a transparent color and is almost identical to real teeth up to 99%
  • After the work is done, you can completely chew normally as before procedure, it doesn’t feel different from your natural teeth when eating


  • Affect tooth enamel
  • Risk of bad breath

How to decide getting veneer is suitable for you?

Good oral health:

Like any cosmetic dentistry, your teeth and tooth enamel and gums must be in good health and strong enough for the procedure. You must be completely free from cavities and tooth decay. Of course, in case you have such a problem, the dentist will suggest you do dental restoration treatment in advance.

Full enamel:

It is important that you have enough enamel, so it helps veneer teeth stick to real teeth. 

Reasonable straight teeth:

In order to qualify for porcelain veneers, your teeth should be of moderate size. In addition, there should be no big gaps that are larger than 1/2 teeth between the teeth that you’re planning to get veneers. Veneers can be glued on some of your slightly curled teeth. But those teeth which are seriously skewed and bent are normally not good candidates for veneers. In their case, porcelain veneers are usually not strong enough for mechanical forces in the long term.

No habit of grinding teeth or using teeth as tools

Do you often chew your nails or open beer bottles by your teeth? If you have such habits of using your teeth as such tools, you should definitely not get veneers. The reason is that these habits will ruin your cosmetic veneers. In general, Veneer is very strong and durable, but also they’re attached to your teeth using dental materials. With certain ways that you apply forces on your dental veneers, incidents might occur. So make sure you do not have those kinds of habits before you decide to get veneers.

Seriously stained teeth

Typically, whitening is the solution of choice for stained teeth. However, if your teeth are seriously damaged, for example, due to smoking habit, the whitening technique may not work. Veneers or crowns would be the right solutions. They can completely cover even discoloration caused by decay or filling.

Minor break

You can apply cosmetic veneer if there are no major dental defects, to cover up the small cracks or slightly broken parts. 

What to expect during veneer procedure?

Veneer procedure is a method of restoring the teeth by replacing the outer part of tooth enamel by sticking veneer material to the surface of the left part. So here’s what you should expect to happen during veneer procedure:

Step 1: General examination

The doctor will examine your teeth and occlusal to decide whether you’re suitable for veneers or not. And if you have tooth decay or tartar on your teeth, or any periodontal disease, the doctor will make sure they’re cleaned or treated well before proceeding the veneer procedure.

Step 2: Take impression

The dentist reshapes your teeth and takes impression of your teeth after that. Veneers’ thickness is small, so the dentist can preserve the maximum of your teeth. The impression should be used to design the veneers with the help of a computer-aided design system to not only meet the aesthetic requirements like color, shape, dimensions but also ensure the physical function like strength, angle, durability.

Step 3: Attach temporary crown

The doctor will attach temporary crowns on your teeth while waiting for the veneer to be designed and manufactured. Temporary crowns can help you communicate more confidently and chew easier.

Step 4: Attach Veneer

Finally, when the veneers have been made and delivered, the material will be tested by the dentist and finally attach to the patient’s teeth.

Is this painful to get veneers?

During veneer procedure, the reshaping stage takes place in the outer part of the tooth (enamel), and also the soft tissues are not affected at all. Therefore, it doesn’t create any annoying or painful feeling to you for sure. So that’s one thing you can relax about.

How do you take care of veneers after the procedure?

  • Choose a soft brush to gently brush your teeth. This not only helps you reduce the risk of tooth decay by more than 25% but also makes your veneer always clean and shiny. Brush teeth twice a day in the early morning and at night before going to bed
  • Use dental floss to remove food particles left after brushing your teeth
  • Regular check-ups 

Diet after the procedure:

  • Drink fresh water which is both good for your health and your teeth. Avoid using carbonated soft drinks, restrict the use of water containing many colors like coffee, tea, chocolate … because those can discolor your teeth 
  • Eat lots of fruits, salads, juices, .. instead of candies
  • Do not eat hard food such as crab, ice, chewy foods or foods that require strong mechanical forces to avoid breaking teeth or separating of veneers
  • Absolutely no smoking: tobacco is also considered one of the “enemies” of porcelain teeth. Because the nicotine in tobacco smoke causes teeth discoloration even to teeth made of zirconium

How much do veneers cost? What impacts the cost of veneers?

There are two factors that affect the cost of veneers:

  • Production technology and brand of products. One type is produced in Vietnam, quite durable (warranty over 10 years), beautiful, ensuring a relatively high aesthetic look. The second type is manufactured in France, with high technology applied, super durable (warranty above 15 years), and perfect aesthetics.
  • The specialty and years of experience of dentists also greatly affects the price of porcelain veneer teeth. Because this is a very difficult technique, requires the well-trained dentists to conduct, there is also a certain price difference depending on the dentist’s professional level and experience. Therefore, when you’re offered a surprisingly low price veneer package, remember to ask for a profile of the dentist who’s in charge of your case.

Click here to see veneer prices in Vietnam

Are veneers covered by insurance?

Veneers are usually considered a cosmetic procedure, which is not covered by medical insurance.

Veneers vs Crowns as an aesthetic solution

Veneer procedure only requires reshaping teeth with the depth of 0.5mm, while crown requires grinding of 2mm depth. You can see that the purpose of veneers is to minimize the abrasion to your real teeth, which keep your teeth strong and more durable while bringing out the best look for your smile.

Although, there are some circumstances in which crowns are inevitable, such as when the gap between two teeth is too big for veneer or when the tooth is heavily damaged, etc

About lifespan….

If you take good care of them, veneers could last up for 10-15 years. As for the crown procedure, the average lifespan of the porcelain crown could be up to 20 years or even 30 years (depending on the type of cosmetic porcelain you choose).

Veneers vs lumineers

  • Thickness: Lumineers are even thinner than veneers so they hardly require reshaping of teeth
  • Hardness: Lumineer has high tensile strength with the hardness of 900 Mpa, increasing the effectiveness compared to metal teeth for 10-15 years and maybe longer if you take care of them well, do not have many diseases dental and do regular dental check-ups at the dental clinic
  • Removability: lumineers reserve 100% of your natural teeth so supposedly you want to turn back to your natural look, you can ask your dentist to remove them anytime